Argentina has 45 million of population. Benefiting from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, a diversified industrial base, and an export-oriented agricultural sector, the economy of Argentina is Latin America #39s third-largest, and the second largest in South America. It has a very high rating on the Human Development Index and a relatively high GDP per capita, with a considerable internal market size and a growing share of the high-tech sector.

It has signed free trade agreements as a Mercosur – the customs union that includes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay – 1995; Bolivia, Chile, and Venezuela joined the pact subsequently as associate members. Trade with China was negligible until 1992; it later grew rapidly and by 2009, China became Argentina #39s second largest trading partner.